Working towards the next version of the SWIM Supporting Material

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Working towards the next version of the SWIM Supporting Material

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This page imports the terminology used in the three specifications.

SWIM Supporting Material
This site contains draft content for the next version of the supporting material for the EUROCONTROL SWIM specifications. The content is mature but is still subject to review, comment and change by the SWIM Community of Interest.

It is an evolution of the agreed and published content found on the SWIM Reference website.

Term

Definition

Source

Used in

access control

A procedure used to determine whether an entity should be granted access to resources, facilities, services, or information based on pre-established rules and specific rights or authority associated with the requesting party.

ITU X.1252:2010

T

accountability

The degree to which the actions of an entity can be traced uniquely to the entity.

ISO/IEC 25010:2011

S, T

AIRM concept

An information concept or data concept that is represented and managed in the AIRM.

-

I

AIRM conformant information definition

An information definition that conforms to the semantics of the AIRM.

-

I

analysis (verification method)

Technique based on analytical evidence obtained without any intervention on the submitted element using mathematical or probabilistic calculation, logical reasoning (including the theory of predicates), modelling and/or simulation under defined conditions to show theoretical compliance. Mainly used where testing to realistic conditions cannot be achieved or is not cost-effective.

SEBoK:2017

T

authentication

Process used to achieve sufficient confidence in the binding between the entity and the presented identity.ITU X.1252:2010T

authenticity

The degree to which the identity of a subject or resource can be proved to be the one claimed .

ISO/IEC 25010:2011

S, T

authorization

The granting of rights and, based on these rights, the granting of access.

ITU X.1252:2010

T

availability

The degree to which a system, product or component is operational and accessible when required for use.

ISO/IEC 25010:2011

S, T

capability

A functional or non-functional ability for performing a particular task.

-

T

completeness

The degree to which the content contains the expected information.

Adapted from ISO/IEC 25012:2008

S, I

concept

A representation of a notion, a unit of thought.

Adapted from SKOS

I

confidentiality

The degree to which a product or system ensures that data is accessible only to those authorized to have access.

ISO/IEC 25010:2011

S, T

configuration inspection (verification method)

Verification method for a system whereby information used by the system to specify system behaviour or characteristics of its components is analysed to assess proper compliance with a requirement.

-

T

consistency

The degree to which the content is free from contradiction and is coherent within itself and with referenced resources.

Adapted from ISO/IEC 25012:2008

S, I

consumer side interface

A service interface, required by the service, which is implemented by the service consumer.

-

S

correctness

The degree to which the content correctly represents the true value.

Adapted from ISO/IEC 25012:2008 – Accuracy

S, I

data

A representation of fact, concept, or instruction represented in a formalized form suitable for communication, interpretation or processing either by human and/or by automated systems.

-

I

data concept

A specification of a concept using descriptive text and a given data type.

Adapted from SKOS

I

data type

A specification of a value domain with operations allowed on values in this domain.

Example: Integer, Real, Boolean, String, Date and SG Point (conversion of data into a series of codes). Note: Data types include primitive predefined types and user-definable types.

ISO/TS 19103:2005

I

demonstration (verification method)

Verification method for a product or system that consists in using it as intended, confirming that the results are as planned or expected.

-

T

digital identity

A digital representation of the information known about an entity (individual, group or organization).

ITU X.1252:2010

T

document inspection (verification method)

Verification method for a product or system whereby information describing the product or system is analysed to assess proper compliance with a requirement.

-

T

entity

Something that has separate and distinct existence and that can be identified in context.

Note: An entity can be a physical person, an animal, a juridical person, an organization, an active or passive thing, a device, a software application, a service, etc., or a group of these entities. In the context of telecommunications, examples of entities include access points, subscribers, users, network elements, networks, software applications, services and devices, interfaces, etc.

ITU X.1252:2010

T

identity

A representation of an entity in the form of one or more attributes that allow the entity to be sufficiently distinguished within context.

ITU X.1252:2010

T

information

Any communication or representation of knowledge such as facts, data, or opinions in any medium or form, including textual, numerical, graphic, cartographic, narrative, biometric or audio.

-

I

information concept

A specification of a concept using descriptive text only.

Adapted from SKOS

I

information definition

A formal representation of information concepts or data concepts.

-

S, I

information exchange model

A document in a formal language identifying the information that is agreed to be shared between two or more organisations or groups.

Note: The document may be in, for example, UML or XML.

-

I

information exchange requirement

A specification of the information that is to be exchanged.

NAF v3

S, I

information service

(synonym: information exchange service)

A type of service that provides an information exchange capability.

-

S, T

integrity

The degree to which a system, product or component prevents unauthorized access to, or modification of, computer programs or data.

ISO/IEC 25010:2011

S, T

interface binding

Specification of the protocol and data format to be used in transmitting messages defined by the associated interface.

W3C Web Services Description Requirements

S, T

interoperability

The ability of information and communication technology (ICT) systems and of the business processes they support to exchange data and to enable the sharing of information and knowledge.

-

S, T

IT Infrastructure

All the hardware, software, networks, facilities, etc. required to develop, test, deliver, monitor, control or support applications and IT services. The term includes all the information technology but not the associated people, processes and documentation.

ITIL v3:2007

T

mapping

A set of traces that establishes a semantic correspondence between a concept in an information definition and AIRM concepts.

-

I

message

A message is a discrete unit of communication intended by the source for consumption by a given recipient or group of recipients.

-

T

message exchange pattern

A Message Exchange Pattern (MEP) is a template, devoid of application semantics, that describes a generic pattern for the exchange of messages between agents. It describes relationships (e.g., temporal, causal, sequential, etc.) of multiple messages exchanged in conformance with the pattern, as well as the normal and abnormal termination of any message exchange conforming to the pattern.

W3C Web Services Glossary

S, T

metadata

Data about data.

Note: The latest version of the ISO 19115 expands the definition to be “Information about a resource”.

ISO 19115:2003/Cor 1:2006

I

namespace

A set of elements in which each element has a name unique within that set. The same name may be associated with elements in different sets.

Adapted from Oxford English Dictionary

I

non-repudiation

The degree to which actions or events can be proven to have taken place, so that the events or actions cannot be repudiated later.

ISO/IEC 25010:2011

S, T

operation (synonym: service operation)

Specification of a transformation or query that an object may be called to execute

Note: An operation has a name and a list of parameters.

ISO 19119:2005, 4.3

S

operational stakeholders

Civil and military: airspace users, air navigation service providers and airport operators.

Note: The operational stakeholders are identified in the Appendix to the Implementing Regulation.

EU Implementing Regulation No 409/2013

S, I

performance efficiency

The performance relative to the amount of resources used under stated conditions. It includes time behaviour, resource utilization and capacity.

ISO/IEC 25010: 2011

T

protocol

A set of semantic and syntactic rules for exchanging information.

ISO/IEC 14519:2001

S, T

provider side interface

A service interface which is implemented by the service provider.

-

S

quality of service

The degree or level of confidence that the performance of a service meets the requirements of the user.

-

S

reliability

The degree to which a system, product or component performs specified functions under specified conditions for a specified period of time. It includes maturity, availability, fault tolerance and recoverability.

ISO/IEC 25010:2011

T

security

The degree to which a product or system protects information and data so that persons or other products or systems have the degree of data access appropriate to their types and levels of authorization. It includes confidentiality, integrity, non-repudiation, accountability, authenticity.

ISO/IEC 25010:2011

S, T

security token

Something that a claiming entity possesses and controls (typically a cryptographic module or password) that is used to authenticate the entity’s identity.

NIST SP 800-63-2:2013

T

semantic correspondence

The relation between a concept in an information definition and the AIRM.

Note: A semantic correspondence takes the form of a mapping to AIRM concepts based on their meanings, an out-of-scope declaration, a declaration that no semantic correspondence has been established or a reference to a change request.

-

S, I

semantic interoperability

The ability of computer systems and organisations to exchange data with unambiguous, shared meaning

-

I

service

A mechanism to enable access to one or more capabilities, where the access is provided using a prescribed interface.

OASIS (2006)

S, T

service category

A class of services which share a common feature.

-

S

service consumer

An organization that seeks to satisfy a particular need through the use of capabilities offered by means of a service.

OASIS (2006)

S

service description

The information needed in order to use, or consider using, a service.

OASIS (2006)

S, T

service function

A type of activity describing the functionality of a service.

NAF v3

S

service interface

The means by which the underlying capabilities of a service are accessed.

Note: The service interface is the means for interacting with a service.

OASIS (2006)

S, T

service policy

A constraint governing one or more services.

NAF v3

S

service provider

An entity (person or organization) that offers the use of capabilities by means of a service.

OASIS (2006)

S

SWIM TI

A technical infrastructure conformant to one or more SWIM TI specifications (e.g. SWIM TI YP Specification).

-

S, T

SWIM TI Profile

Specification defining an implementation of the SWIM TI. Multiple SWIM TI Profiles can coexist, each of them focused on the implementation of technical infrastructure but with different scope and applicability.

-

S, T

technical infrastructure (TI)

The software and hardware used in an organization that enables the provision of information services.

Note: Technical infrastructure is a subset of IT Infrastructure.

 -

T

test (verification method)

Technique performed onto the submitted element by which functional, measurable characteristics, operability, supportability, or performance capability is quantitatively verified when subjected to controlled conditions that are real or simulated. Testing often uses special test equipment or instrumentation to obtain accurate quantitative data to be analysed.

SEBoK:2017

T

trace

A directed link from a concept in an information definition to an AIRM concept.

-

I