Threat and error management
|Term||threat and error management|
an overarching safety concept regarding aviation operations and human performance.
ICAO (2008) CIR 314 Threat and Error Management (TEM) in Air Traffic Control, p. vii
TEM is not a revolutionary concept, but one that has evolved gradually, as a consequence of the constant drive to improve the margins of safety in aviation operations through the practical integration of Human Factors knowledge. TEM was developed as a product of collective aviation industry experience.