Introduction & Background

For Airspace, PANS-AIM requires some basic properties as part of the minimum AIP data set. These are

type, name,...

In addition, PANS-AIM also defines in Appendix 2 'CONTENTS OF THE AERONAUTICAL INFORMATION PUBLICATION (AIP)' requirements for the publication of the airspace type, name and designation.

In this regard, it seems that PANS-AIM does not follow a common and consistent approach. For some airspaces only a name is required, for some a name and an identification and for some only a designation. See below.

'ENR 2.1 FIR, UIR, TMA and CTA' require a

...name,...

'ENR 5.1 Prohibited, restricted and danger areas', require a

...identification, name...

'ENR 5.2 Military exercise and training areas and air defence identification zone (ADIZ)' and 'ENR 5.3 Other activities of a dangerous nature and other potential hazards' do not require any name or designation or identification of the airspace.

'ENR 5.5 Aerial sporting and recreational activities ' require a

...designation...

'AD 2.17/AD3.16 Air traffic services airspace' require an:

...airspace designation...

The diagram below shows the AIXM classes, including the relevant data types and code lists, needed to encode that information:

Name

The basic data of an Airspace besides the type (e.g. 'FIR', 'CTR', 'D') and its name (e.g. 'RIGA' FIR, 'LJUBLJANA' CTR, Danger Area 'BRAVO').

The airspace name shall be coded as published in the AIP.

In case the airspace does not have a published name, its designator shall be used to code the name attribute.

For example: For a TSA  for which only a designator "LZTSA06A" is published this designator will also be coded as name.

Type

Whereas for the name the encoding in AIXM is quite obvious, the type of an airspace may have to be derived from some of its characteristics, e.g. the activity taking place or the kind of access restrictions that it enforces.

The following table gives the definition of all the airspace types provided by AIXM 5 ('CodeAirspaceType' class), including advice for the use of some additional Airspace attributes, such as the localType, in some situations. Some particular cases are explained below the table.

NameDefinition
NASNational Airspace System. [note: The airspace within which a State provides Air Traffic Services is usually composed of:1) the territories over which the State has jurisdiction;2) those portions of the airspace over the high seas or in airspace of undetermined sovereignty where the provision of ATS are provided as determined by regional agreements. It can usually be determined by the UNION of FIRs (including, where appropriate, NO-FIRs) of the UNION of NAS-P. .]
FIRFlight information region. Airspace of defined dimensions within which flight information service and alerting service are provided. Description: ICAO Recognized. Might, for example, be used if service provided by more than one unit.
FIR_PPart of an FIR.
UIRUpper flight information region. An upper airspace of defined dimensions within which flight information service and alerting service are provided. Description: Non-ICAO Recognized. Each state determines its definition for upper airspace.
UIR_PPart of a UIR. [note: Might, for example, be used if more than one unites provide service in different parts of a UIR .]
CTAControl area. A controlled airspace extending upwards from a specified limit above the earth. Description: ICAO Recognized.
CTA_PPart of a CTA.
OCA_PPart of an OCA.
OCAOceanic control area. A Control Area extending upwards in the upper airspace. Description: Non-ICAO Recognized.
UTAUpper control area. A Control Area extending upwards in the upper airspace. Description: Non-ICAO Recognized.
UTA_PPart of a UTA.
TMATerminal control area. Control area normally established at the confluence of ATS routes in the vicinity of one or more major aerodromes. Description: Non-ICAO Recognized. Mainly used in Europe under the Flexible Use of Airspace concept.
TMA_PPart of a TMA.
CTRControl zone. A controlled airspace extending upwards from the surface of the earth to a specified upper limit. Description: ICAO Recognized.
CTR_PPart of a CTR.
OTAOceanic transition area.
SECTORControl sector. A subdivision of a designated control area within which responsibility is assigned to one controller or to a small group of controllers. Description: ICAO Recognized.
SECTOR_CTemporary consolidated (collapsed) sector.
TSATemporary segregated area (FUA). Airspace of pre-defined dimensions within which activities require the reservation of airspace for the exclusive use of specific users during a predetermined period of time. Description: (NATO) An area in which there are special restrictive measures employed to prevent or minimize interference between friendly forces. An area under military jurisdiction in which special security measures are employed to prevent unauthorized entry.
CBACross border area (FUA). Airspace of defined dimensions, above the land areas or territorial waters of more than one state. Description: Non-ICAO Recognized. Mainly used in Europe under the Flexible Use of Airspace concept.
RCAReduced co-ordination area (FUA). Portion of airspace of defined dimensions within which general aviation traffic is permitted "off-route" without requiring general aviation traffic controllers to initiate co-ordination with OAT controllers. Description: Non-ICAO Recognized. Mainly used in Europe under the Flexible Use of Airspace concept.
RAS

Regulated airspace (not otherwise covered).

'RAS' is semantically equivalent to 'OTHER'. It was extensively used in earlier AIXM versions, where 'OTHER' was not yet available and it is still present in many AIXM 5 data sources. Therefore, the coding guidelines treat 'OTHER' and 'RAS' as equivalent values, as discussed at the end of this table in relation with the Airspace.localType attribute.

AWYAirway (corridor). A control area or portion thereof established in the form of a corridor.
MTRMilitary Training Route buffer. A control area or portion thereof, established in the form of a corridor around a military training route in order to protect it from other traffic.
PProhibited area. Airspace of defined dimensions, above the land areas or territorial waters of a State, within which the flight of aircraft is prohibited. Description: ICAO Recognized.
RRestricted area. Airspace of defined dimensions, above the land areas or territorial waters of a State, within which the flight of aircraft is restricted in accordance with certain specified conditions. Description: ICAO Recognized.
DDanger area. Airspace of defined dimensions within which activities dangerous to the flight of aircraft may exist at specified times. Description: ICAO Recognized.
ADIZAir Defence Identification Zone. Special designated airspace of defined dimensions within which aircraft are required to comply with special identification and/or reporting procedures additional to those related to the provision of air traffic services (ATS). Description: ICAO Recognized.
NO_FIRAirspace for which not even an FIR is defined. [note: There are parts in the world for which there is neither an FIR nor any other airspace-type is defined. These airspaces will be marked as NO-FIR .]
PARTPart of an airspace (used in airspace aggregation).
CLASSAirspace having a specified class.
POLITICALPolitical/administrative area.
D_OTHERActivities of dangerous nature (other than a danger area).
TRATemporary reserved area (FUA). Airspace of pre-defined dimensions within which activities require the reservation of airspace during a predetermined period of time. Description: Non-ICAO Recognized. Mainly used in Europe under the Flexible Use of Airspace concept.
AAlert area. Airspace which may contain a high volume of pilot training activities or unusual type of aerial activity, neither of which is hazardous to aircraft. Description: Non-ICAO Recognized. Mainly used in contiguous United States and its territories.
WWarning area. A non-regulatory airspace of defined dimensions designated over international waters that contains activity which may be hazardous to aircraft not participating in the activity. The purpose of such warning areas is to warn non participating pilots of the potential danger. Description: Non-ICAO Recognized. Mainly used in contiguous United States and its territories.
PROTECTAirspace protected from specific air traffic.
AMAMinimum altitude area. The lowest altitude to be used under instrument meteorological conditions (IMC) which will provide a minimum vertical clearance of 300 m (1 000 ft) or in designated mountainous terrain 600 m (2 000 ft) above all obstacles located in the area specified. Description: ICAO Recognized. Published by many States as rectangles of 1 x 1 degree on the ENR 6 charts. Note - In the exact calculation 984 feet can be used as an equivalent to 300 metres.
ASRAltimeter setting region. Airspace of defined dimensions within which standardized altimeter setting procedures apply. Description: Non-ICAO Recognized. For example, during flight the altimeter shall be set to the current altimeter setting of the nearest station along the route of flight.
ADVAdvisory Area. An area of defined dimensions within which air traffic advisory service is available. Description: ICAO Recognized. Air traffic control serviceprovides a much more complete service than air traffic advisory service; advisory areas and routes are therefore not established within controlled airspace, but air traffic advisory service may be provided below and above.
UADVUpper Advisory Area. An area of defined dimensions in upper airspace within which air traffic advisory service is available. Description: ICAO Recognized. Air traffic control service provides a much more complete service than air traffic advisory service; advisory areas and routes are therefore not established within controlled airspace, but air traffic advisory service may be provided below and above.
ATZAirport Traffic Zone. Airspace of defined dimensions established around an airport for the protection of airport traffic. Description: ICAO Recognized.
ATZ_PPart of an airport traffic zone
HTZHelicopter traffic zone
NAS_PA part of a national airspace system
OTHEROther

For types of airspaces which are not specifically listed in the CodeAirspaceType class, the 'OTHER' value may be used, followed by the code (abbreviation) for the local/regional type of the airspace. In such a case, in addition the localType attribute may be encoded with the full name of the local airspace type (e.g. 'OTHER:MOA' and 'Military Operations Area').

As a rule localType should only be coded in case 'OTHER' or 'RAS' are used for type.

For ATS airspaces, which may be composed of several parts, AIXM provides a corresponding "Part" type (e.g. 'FIR-P', 'CTR-P', etc.). For all other airspace types, a generic type 'PART' is provided. This allows to encode a whole airspace as a composition of its parts. (See also topics Airspace - Parts  and Geometry of Airspace). This concept is not known by PANS-AIM but may be used, if needed.

To indicate that an airspace or area is under military, joint or civil control, the controlType attribute will be used. Examples of such airspaces include military ATS areas (TMA, CTR, MATZ), military operations areas, military training/exercise areas, R and D areas reserved for military activities, etc. This attribute is not known by PANS-AIM but may be coded, if needed.

<aixm:AirspaceTimeSlice gml:id="ASE_EAMOA01_MOA">
	...
	<aixm:type>OTHER:MOA</aixm:type>
	<aixm:designator>EAMTA01</aixm:designator>
	<aixm:localType>MILITARY OPERATING AREA</aixm:localType>
	<aixm:name>EAMOA01</aixm:name>
	<aixm:controlType>MIL</aixm:controlType>
	...
</aixm:AirspaceTimeSlice>

Designator

In addition, for some ATS airspace types such as "FIR" or "Danger Area", a designator will be encoded. For some types of airspace PANS-AIM requires an designation (or identification) for other it does not (see Introduction above).

However, the designator shall be coded whenever this data is available/published.

The designator attribute is limited to 10 characters. This has been done for compatibility with the ARINC 424 specification where the designator of Restrictive Airspace records is also limited to 10 characters.

In case the designator is published in the ICAO Doc 7190

ICAO Document 7910: Location Indicators

, also the attribute designatorICAO should be encoded accordingly with 'YES'.

<aixm:AirspaceTimeSlice gml:id="ASE_AMSWELL_FIR">
	...
	<aixm:type>FIR</aixm:type>
	<aixm:designator>EAAD</aixm:designator>
	<aixm:name>AMSWELL</aixm:name>
	<aixm:designatorICAO>YES</aixm:designatorICAO>
	...
</aixm:AirspaceTimeSlice>

Coding Guidelines for Airspace Types & Designators

The following table contains coding guidelines for the specific airspaces mentioned in PANS-AIM. In addition, also guidance for airspaces as they are published in today's AIPs are given.  

The last column provides rules for the construction of the designator of an airspace in case it is not source provide.

PANS-AIM / State AIPsAIXM 5 AirspaceRemarks

The coded identifier (designator) shall be the one published in AIP. If not published or published with more than 10 characters, the following rules apply.


typelocalTypecontrolTypedesignatordesignatorICAO
FIR / UIR'FIR'NAoptionalmandatory'YES'


The coded identifier shall be the one published in ICAO DOC 7910; if none, then the location indicator of the related FIC [Flight Information Center] shall be used.

Examples:

Langen FIR, EDGG

Brussels UIR, EBUR

TMA'TMA'NAoptionaloptionaloptional

a. the ICAO Doc 7910 location indicator of the airspace or, in case it is not defined, the location indicator of the ATC centre providing services in the airspace;

b. if there is no major ATC centre providing services in the airspace or if it does not have a location indicator, use the location indicator of the major airport situated within the airspace; or

c. define a 4-letter code using the ICAO Country Code (provided in ICAO Doc 7910) and a unique combination of two letters such as the airspace identifier is not duplicated within the State or territory concerned for the same airspace type.

Examples

Tallin CTA (also Tallin ACC), EETT

Palma TMA (also Palma TACC), LECP

Luxembourg TMA, ELLX

Split CTR, LDSP

CTA / UTA / OCA ¹'CTA', 'UTA', 'OCA'NAoptionaloptionaloptional¹ UTA & OCA are Non-ICAO Recognized types of airspaces, but special types of control area, which are frequently used and published in AIPs.
CTR'CTR'NAoptionaloptionaloptional
ATZ / HTZ'ATZ, 'HTZ'NAoptionaloptionaloptional

a. the ICAO Doc 7910 location indicator of the airspace;

b. if it does not have a location indicator, use the location indicator of the related airport/heliport situated within the airspace;

c. if there is no related airport/heliport or there are more than one airport/heliport situated within the airspace

  • nationality letters for location indicators assigned to the State or territory, which has established the airspace followed by
  • the airspace type and
  • a combination of up to to 5 digits and / or letters unduplicated within the State or territory concerned for the same airspace type

Examples:

Zvekovac ATZ, LDZE

Borwin Alpha HTZ, EHHJ

Ameland HPZ, EHHPZAMEL

Schinveld ATZ, EHATZSV

Woensdrecht ATZ, EHATZWO

Coningsby MATZ, EGXC

Prohibited Area'P'NAoptionalmandatoryoptional

For airspace affected by special activities the coded identifier shall be composed of a group of digits and / or letters as follows:

  • nationality letters for location indicators assigned to the State or territory, which has established the airspace; followed by
  • a letter
    • P - for Prohibited Areas (P)
    • R - for Restricted Areas (R)
    • D - for Danger Areas (D)
    • E - for Reduced/Prior Co-ordination Airspace Procedure (RCA)
    • Z - for Air Defence Identification Zone (ADIZ)
    • W - for Warning Areas (W)
    • A - for Alert Areas (A)
    • V - for other activities of dangerous nature (D-OTHER)
    • X - for airspace protected from specific air traffic (PROTECT)
    • S - for other regulated airspace, not otherwise covered (RAS)

    followed by

  • a combination of up to 7 digits and / or letters, unduplicated within the State or territory concerned for the same airspace type.

Examples:

DROTTNINGHOLM restricted area, ESR24

MONT GRAND MORNE alert area, CYA619

MATHIATIS danger area, LCD21

ECHTEN area PJE, EHVECHTEN

GREDA (SINJ) protected area, LDX90

LESMO area, LHSLESMO

For regulated airspace with activity ‘ATS’ the coded identifier shall be defined as follows:

a. the ICAO Doc 7910 location indicator of the airspace;

b. if it does not have a location indicator, use the location indicator of the related airport/heliport situated within the airspace;

c. if there is no related airport/heliport situated within the airspace or in case the coded identifier is duplicated (e.g. TIZ and TIA with the same related airport)

  • nationality letters for location indicators assigned to the State or territory, which has established the airspace followed by
  • the airspace type and
  • a combination of up to 5 digits and / or letters not duplicated within the State or territory concerned for the same airspace type

Examples:

Sveg TIZ, ESTIZESND

Sveg TI, ESTIAESND

Parnu FIZ, EEPU

Lelystad AFIZ, EHAFIZLE

The coded identifier of special use airspace that do not fall under the rules above, shall be composed as follows:

a. nationality letters for location indicators assigned to the State or territory, which has established the airspace; and

b. three letters for:

  • TSA - for Temporary Segregated Areas (TSA)
  • TRA - for Temporary Reserved Areas (TRA)
  • ALT - for Altimeter Setting Region (ASR)
  • PLT - for Political / Administrative Area

and

c. a combination of up to 5 digits and / or letters unduplicated within the State or territory concerned for the same airspace type.

Examples:

TSA-LO-RENINGE UAV AREA, EBTSA15

TRA-LANGELAND (LAN), EKTRALAN

TRA-PAPA ALPHA,    LHTRA11A


For P, D, R areas where the coded identifier ends with a number, if the part is also identified with a number, then a separator character ('-') should be added before the digits of the part. For example, EDR11-1, EDR11-2. This is necessary in order to avoid confusion between EDR11-1 (part 1 of Restricted Area 11 in Germany) and EDR111 (Restricted Area 111).

Examples:

Germany Restricted Area 111,  EDR111

Germany part 1 of Restricted Area 11,  EDR11-1

Germany part 2 of Restricted Area 11,   EDR11-2

Restricted Area'R'NAoptionalmandatoryoptional
Danger Area'D'NAoptionalmandatoryoptional
Military exercise and training areas

 'TSA', 'TRA', 'MTR',  'PROTECT', 'D_OTHER', 'OTHER'

as applicable'MIL', 'JOINT'optionaloptionalIn case no specific type is applicable, 'PROTECT' or 'D-OTHER' or 'OTHER' may be used for the coding. In addition a corresponding localType may be encoded.
Other activities of a dangerous nature'D_OTHERas applicableoptionaloptionaloptional
Aerial sporting and recreational activities'A', 'D_OTHER', 'OTHER'as applicableoptionaloptionaloptionalAlso another type may be used if applicable.
Air Defence Identification Zone (ADIZ)'ADIZ'NA'MIL'optionaloptional
Flexible Use of Airspace (FUA)  types'TRA', 'TSA', 'CBA' and 'RCA'NAoptionaloptionaloptional
Other special activity airspace types'W', 'A', 'POLITICAL', 'ASR',as applicableoptionaloptionaloptional

'A' and 'W' are mainly used in North America, but also in other regions world-wide.

'POLITICAL' is used for aviation relevant regions like ICAO regions, ECAC, etc., but can a also be used for non-aviation related regions like States, Provinces, etc.

Traffic Information Zone

OTHER:TIZNAoptionaloptionalNA

Traffic Information Zone

OTHER:TIANAoptionaloptionalNA
Parts'FIR-P', 'UIR-P', 'TMA-P', 'CTA-P', 'UTA-P',  'OCA-P', 'CTR-P'', 'ATZ-P', 'PART'NAoptionaloptionaloptional

These types of airspaces are used as components to define the whole airspace of that type.

'PART' is an artificial airspace, which can solely be used as parent in the scope of an Airspace Aggregation (see section Geometry of Airspace).

a. the four-letter coded identifier of the child airspace (FIR, CTA, TMA, etc.), followed by;

b. a combination of up to 6 digits and / or letters, unduplicated within the composition of the child airspace

Examples:

FIR-P, ENOR1

CTA-P – Debrecen CTA1, LHDC1

TMA-P – Brussels TMA NINE A, EBBR9A


The coded identifier of the airspace of type 'PART' shall be composed by:

a. nationality letters for location indicators assigned to the State or territory, which has published the airspace; followed by

b. a combination of up to 8 digits and / or letters unduplicated within the State or territory concerned for the same airspace type.

If the airspace type PART is used to define a child airspace with an already published ICAO location indicator, it is recommended to compose the code identifier of the airspace type PART by

  • the ICAO Doc 7910 location indicator of the child airspace followed by
  • a number unduplicated within the State or territory concerned for the same airspace type

Examples:

Airspace within Belgium part of a sector, EB00001

Airspace within Spain part of Sevilla TMA, LECS2

Class'CLASS'NAoptionaloptionaloptionalSome countries publish ATS airspaces in ENR 2.1 according to their class and not as defined types (e.g. AIP Germany). AIXM 5 provides also a dedicated 'CLASS' value for Airspace.type.

The rule defined for TMA may be applied.

Airway'AWY'as applicableoptionaloptionaloptionalAirway (corridor).  A control area or portion thereof established in the form of a corridor.

a. nationality letters for location indicators assigned to the State or territory, which has established the airspace; followed by

b. the route designator of the route segment the AWY is based on

Example: AWY L179 corridor, EHL179

National Airspace Structure'NAS'NAoptionaloptionaloptional

For airspace of type NAS (National Airspace Structure - usually, the assembly of all FIR and UIR belonging to one State) the coded identifier shall be the nationality letter(s) of the state concerned.

Examples:

United Kingdom, EG

Hungary, LH

Control sector, Temporary consolidated (collapsed) sector.



'SECTOR', 'SECTOR_C'NAoptionaloptionaloptional

a. If a SECTOR or SECTOR-C is part of an ATS airspace (e.g. CTA, UTA, TMA, etc.) the coded identifier shall be defined as follows:

  • the coded identifier of the ATS airspace the SECTOR or SECTOR-C is part of; followed by
  • a combination of up to 6 digits and / or letters, unique for that ATS airspace.

b. If there is no ATS airspace the SECTOR or SECTOR-C is part of, the coded identifier shall be composed of:

  • the ICAO Country code; followed by
  • a combination of up to 8 digits and / or letters unduplicated within the State or territory concerned for the same airspace type.

Examples:

SECTOR within CTA LZBB, LZBBE7

SECTOR-C within CTA EPWW, EPWWTC

SECTOR within TAMPERE CTA, EFESIN1

SECTOR (VERAM) within LISBOA FIR, LPVERAM

Airspace for which not even an FIR is defined.'NO-FIR'NAoptionaloptionaloptional

There are parts in the world for which there is neither an FIR nor any other airspace-type is defined. These airspaces will be marked as NO-FIR .

The coded identifier of the airspace of type NO-FIR shall be composed by the letters “XX” followed by a combination of up to 8 digits and / or letters, unduplicated for the same airspace type.

Example: ANDORRA NO-FIR, XXANDORRA

Minimum altitude area.'AMA'NAoptionaloptionaloptional
  • 'AMA' (Minimum Altitude Area) is published by many States as rectangles of 1 x 1 degree on the ENR 6 or AD SID/STAR charts.

a. nationality letters for location indicators assigned to the State or territory, which has published the airspace; followed by

b. three letters: ‘AMA’; followed by

c. a combination of 5 digits and letters (allowed letter values are: N,S,E or W) defined as follows;

the lower left corner point of the square defining the AMA shall be taken into consideration. Lower left corner point latitude and longitude are always expressed as full degree values so the following diagram applies for the composition of the coded identifier:

Examples:

AMA published by Sweden: ESAMA5713E

Coordinates of the lower left corner of the square: 570000N 0130000E     

AMA published by Czech Republic: LKAMA4912E

Coordinates of the lower left corner of the square: 490000N 0120000E    

Military Operations Area'OTHER:MOA'Military Operations AreaoptionaloptionalNAnecessary for Digital NOTAM, SAA.ACT and SAA.NEW scenariosSee rules for Military exercise and training areas
Air-to-air refuelling area'OTHER:AAR'Air-to-air refuelling areaoptionaloptionalNAnecessary for Digital NOTAM, SAA.ACT and SAA.NEW scenariosSee rules for Military exercise and training areas

There is a subtle difference between airspace of type 'PROTECT' and 'D-OTHER'. The data provider has to decide which type is the most appropriate one for his concerned airspace, based on the following guidelines:

  • The type 'PROTECT' is especially used for airspace that are protected from heavy air traffic, such as 'noise abatement', 'sensitive fauna', etc.
  • The type 'D-OTHER' is especially used for airspace published in ENR 5.3 (Other activities of a dangerous nature) and also supporting demands, such as HIRTA - high intensity radio transmission area".
    Another application may be an airspace published in ENR 5.5 (SPORT) such as an established Parachute Area, which is of danger for other air traffic (i.e. other air traffic may have entry permission but has to take care of dedicated air traffic).

Designator for Delegated Airspace

The coded identifier of delegated airspace will be composed by:

a. the ICAO Doc 7910 location indicator of the FIR owner of the airspace to be delegated; followed by

b. three letters: ‘DLG’; followed by

c. a sequential numbering unduplicated within the State or territory concerned for the same airspace type.

Examples:

Delegation from Portugal to Madrid ACC, LPPCDLG1

Delegation from Sevilla ACC to Almeria TWR, LECMDLG5

In an AIP information about the name, designator and type of an airspace may be published in various ways.

The figure below shows the basic data of airspaces as they may be published in ENR 2.1

The figure below shows the basic data of airspaces as they may be published in AD 2.17.

Although AD 2.17 states "designation" the information published, will be rather encoded as the Airspace.name and not as the Airspace.designator.

The figure below shows the basic data of airspaces as they may be published in ENR 5.1.

The figures below show the basic data of airspaces as they may be published in ENR 5.2.

In this example the airspaces may have the generic type 'PROTECT' or 'D-OTHER' as there is no specific AIXM value for that kind of types. Also 'OTHER:MIL' may be used. The localType should then be used to encode the full textual name of the actual airspace type, e.g 'TRAINING AREA'.

In the following example the airspaces will be coded with type TRA or TSA (and not PROTECT, as there are dedicated types for that airspaces).

In this example the airspaces may not only have a name but also be coded with a designator, as published.



The figure below shows the basic data of airspaces as they may be published in ENR 5.3.

In this case airspace will carry different types. If available the specific type will be used , i.e. HTZ, if not the gerenric type D-OTHER will be used.

The figures below show the basic data of airspaces as they may be published in ENR 5.5

In this example the generic type PROTECT will be used as type for the airspaces.

In addition to the airspace name also a designator with may be coded which will be the same as the name.

.

In some AIPs in ENR 5.5 also specific types are listed, like in the example below where airspaces of type TRA are published.

Lower/Upper Separation

This information is not required by PANS-AIM.

In AIXM 5 it is possible to encode the flight level (FL)  that indicates the division of airspace between lower and upper airspace. The upperLowerSeperation attribute is used for that purpose. This is only relevant for FIRs.

Coding Examples

See topic Airspace [ASE].

References